The Scottish Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club.


                                          Puppy Diet Sheet

'Where do puppies come from?'

Avoid adverts in the News Paper and the Internet !

Please be careful when purchasing your puppy!

It is SO important to purchase from a registered, reputable breeder, who tests their cavaliers for hereditary problems associated  with our breed.

                                                                        Feeding Puppies

When you buy your puppy the breeder will give you a diet sheet or feeding instructions and you should follow this, at least for several days, as a sudden change of diet as well as strange surroundings can upset the puppy and lead to sickness and diarrhoea. When the puppy has settled you may want to change the diet and this should be done gradually over several days. A balanced diet is necessary and most commercial puppy foods provide this, the feeding instructions on the tin or bag will give a guide to the amounts to be fed. If feeding entirely on
fresh food made at home, a vitamin/mineral supplement can be added to ensure that all the dietary requirements are met. It is important when using a supplement to give only the manufacturer's recommended amount for the size of your dog, too much in many cases can be more harmful than none at all. The puppy will require several feeds daily, the number of feeds being reduced as the puppy grows. The number of feeds and the ages at which they can be reduced vary, but a rough guide is:  

8 - 12 weeks, 4 feeds daily

12 - 18 weeks, 3 feeds daily

18 weeks - 1 year, 2 feeds daily

It is usually a good idea to give at least one milky feed daily until 6 - 9 months old.

At 10 - 12 months you can change from puppy foods to adult dog food, again making the change gradually.'The number of feeds and the amounts will vary from animal to animal, some need only be fed once daily, others will need 2 meals. You will have to find out what suits your dog best, and adjust the amount of food so that he/she does not get too fat or too thin. A teaspoonful of corn oil daily in the food will help to keep the coat in good condition. Both puppies and adults should always have access to a bowl of fresh water. Never leave unfinished food in a dish on the floor. When the dog has eaten all helshe wants, remove the dish and either put the unfinished food in a container in a cool place or throw it out. Dogs can get food poisoning too, and there is no need to feed the fly population in your area!



Puppies should not be taken out on the pavements or to places frequented by other dogs until 2 weeks after they have completed their full vaccination course, the puppy is usually 14 weeks at that time. Before this, you can get the puppy used to other people and places by carrying him to the shops etc. and taking him out in the car, and he can get used to the lead in the house and garden. Encourage visitors to pat him and get him used to children, although the latter must be made to realise that he is an animal and not a toy. After the vaccination period, start by giving short relaxed walks of 5 - 10 minutes on the lead, letting him have time to look about and investigate the different sights and smells. Gradually build up the length of the walks as the puppy grows, but remember that he is still growing and should not be given strenuous exercise until 9 - 10 months. Never take young puppies for long walks as they tire quickly and bones and joints can become stressed.


A brisk half hour walk at least once a day on the lead will keep muscles firm. Free running exercise several times a week in a safe place will also do him good and give him lots of fun. Make sure he is not able to run onto a road when running free, and ensure that you have plenty of time - Cavaliers tend to become deaf when they have their noses to the ground!



Get your puppy used to being brushed at an early age. The adult Cavalier has a long silky coat with a lot of feathering which looks great when it is in good condition and well groomed but awful when it becomes matted. The adult dog should ideally be groomed every day, but at least 3 times a week is essential. Ears should be done every day. Feet should be combed to prevent matting, and thick hair under the paws between the pads should be trimmed.


As above and also check to make sure that they are not waxy or smelly. Sore ears can become a problem if they are not treated quickly, so go to your vet as soon as you find anything wrong.


Cavaliers' eyes can Water a bit at times and their faces can become stained below the eyes. The eyes should be wiped every day with clean damp cotton wool, a fresh piece for each eye. When the eyes are watering, use a dry clean paper handkerchief to wipe them dry. If the eyes become red or mattery or water a lot go to your vet at once. Sometimes the long hairs over the eyes curl downwards and rub on the surface of the eye, or sometimes one of the whiskers grows backwards from the nose and does the same, so cheek the long hairs on the face regularly to see if they are causing any problems and trim them if they are.


Regular walks on pavements should keep nails short, but if they become too long they must be clipped. You can get your vet to show you how to do this.If your dog has dew claws these should be checked regularly to make sure at t ey are not cutting into the skin or pad (dew claws are the ones on the inside of the leg just above the paw, some breeders have them removed when the puppy is a few days old and some leave them on)


Nylon or fresh marrow bones to chew will help keep teeth and gums healthy. NEVER give small bones eg chicken or chop bones to dogs as these will be splintered when the dog chews them and become like sharp needles which can damage the dog's stomach and intestines. There are now special toothpastes and brushes for cleaning dogs' teeth, your vet can advise you about this. If the teeth become dirty, go to your vet to see about having them cleaned. Wipe round the mouth, especially the bottom lip, several times a week with damp cotton wool to prevent the lips becoming smelly and developing sores from dried stale saliva.

Anal Glands

If your dog keeps dragging his bottom along the ground, this does not usually mean that he has worms, it probably means that the anal glands have become full and are not emptying properly. Your vet will empty the glands and may show you how to do this yourself if the dog is likely to need this doing regularly. Puppies sometimes drag their bottoms simply because they are trying to clean themselves, so check under the tail if you see this happening.


There are 2 types of worm - tapeworms and roundworms. Tapeworms can be detected by the presence of small white things like grains of rice sticking to the dog's bottom under the tail. The dog gets the commonest kind of tapeworm by swallowing fleas, so if your dog gets fleas (and many do) keep checking for those grains of rice! Cats are a common source of fleas. Roundworms are very common in dogs, in fact every dog is probably born with them, and so puppies are wormed regularly from 2 - 3 weeks of age onwards.The breeder should provide you with a worming record, and your vet will advise you about future worming requirements when you take the puppy for vaccination. All dogs should be wormed every 6 months for roundworms. Roundworm larvae (the immature stage of the worm), in very rare cases, can cause illness in people, and to prevent this it is essential to worm your dog regularly, and to clear up any mess your dog makes either in your own garden or in public places. Freshly passed faeces contain the worm eggs not the larvae, the larvae hatching out of the eggs later, but both eggs and larvae are potentially dangerous, so clean up faeces as soon as possible. Sensible hygiene and regular worming of your dog will keep your family and other people safe.


There are several diseases which can kill dogs, these are - Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvo virus, and Leptospirosis. It is possible to vaccinate your dog so that he is less likely to get these diseases, and this is usually done for the first time at 8 - 12 weeks. When you buy your puppy it is a good idea to take him to the vet within a few days of purchase for a checkup and, if he is the right age, for his first vaccination. Your vet will advise you about further vaccinations. All dogs should have a booster vaccination every year to keep up the protection.


Dogs were originally pack animals, and so no dog likes to be on its own for a long time. If left in the house or kennel without the company of its owner or another dog, it is likely to make a noise and become destructive. Dogs need company and will become miserable and a problem without it. It is also important to realise that your dog will need a place where he can be on his own to sleep undisturbed, so provide a box or bed for him in a quiet place, and if you have young children make sure they realise that the puppy needs a lot of rest between playing times.Cavaliers are happy, friendly little dogs and the small amount of effort required to keep them looking good and fit is more than repaid by their affectionate natures.There are many Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Clubs in this country and abroad, so why not join one and meet other people who care for the breed.


Your puppy has been fed on :-

If you intend to change the diet, please do not do so for several days. Allow the puppy to settle into your household before making any changes.

8 weeks - 12 weeks

1st meal

2nd meal

3rd meal

4th meal

12 weeks 18 weeks

1st meal

2nd meal

3rd meal

18 weeks adult

1st meal

2nd meal

Amounts required are approximate as every puppy is different, adjust the

amounts to suit your own puppy.


Your puppy has been wormed for roundworms ... times. Worming should be done every 2 weeks until the puppy is at least 12 weeks old. The next worming is due when the puppy is ..... weeks old. Please consult your vet for further information.

You are advised to have your puppy checked by your own veterinary surgeon within a few days of purchase. Do not take the puppy out on roads or to places frequented by other dogs until vaccination has been completed. If there are any problems with the puppy now or in the future, which should concern me as the breeder, please let me know. '


Tel. No.