The Scottish Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club.


Breed Standard

A Breed Standard is the guidelines which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function.


Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. 

From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in  some breeds adversely, and judges  and breeders are requested to refer to the Kennel Club website fot details of any such current issues. 

If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure.


COLOURS: Recognised colours are:-

BLACK AND TAN: Raven black with tan markings above the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest and legs and underside of tail. Tan should be bright. White markings undesirable.

RUBY: Whole coloured rich red. White markings undesirable.

BLENHEIM: Rich chestnut markings well broken up, on pearly white ground. Markings evenly divided on head, leaving room between ears for much valued lozenge mark or spot (characteristic of the breed).

TRICOLOUR: Black and white well spaced, broken up, with tan markings over eyes, cheeks, inside ears, inside legs, and on underside of tail.

Any other colour or combination of colours most undesirable.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: Active, graceful and well balanced with gentle expression.

CHARACTERISTICS: Sporting, affectionate, absolutely fearless.

TEMPERAMENT: Skull almost flat between ears. Stop shallow. Length from base of the stop to tip of  nose about 1 1/2 inches.  Nostrils black and well developed without flsh marks, muzzle well tappered. Lips well developed but not pendulous. Face well filled below the eyes. Any tendency to snipiness undesirable.

EYES: Large, dark, round but not prominent, spaced well apart.

EARS: Long, set  high, with plenty of feathering.

MOUTH: Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

NECK: Moderate length, slightly arched.

FOREQUARTERS: Chest moderate, shoulders well laid back, straight legs, moderately boned

BODY: Short-coupled with good spring of rib. Level back.

HINDQUARTERS: Legs with moderate bone, well turned stifle-no tendency to cow or sickle hocks.

FEET: Compact, cushioned and well feathered.

TAIL: Length of tail in balance with body, well set on, carried happily but never much above the level of the back.

GAIT/MOVEMENT: Free moving and elegant in action, plenty of drive from behind. Fore and hind legs move parallel when viewed from in front and behind.

COAT: Long, silky, free from curl. Slight wave permissible. Plenty of feathering. Totally free from trimming.

SIZE: Weight - twelve to eighteen pounds. A small well balanced dog well within these weights.

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

NOTE  Male Animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.



(Reproduced by kind permission of the Kennel Club)